Cool Creating Wealth images

Some cool creating wealth images:

Professional and Amateur Astronomers Join Forces (NASA, Chandra, 04/13/14)
creating wealth
Image by NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center
Long before the term "citizen science" was coined, the field of astronomy has benefited from countless men and women who

study the sky in their spare time. These amateur astronomers devote hours exploring the cosmos through a variety of

telescopes that they acquire, maintain, and improve on their own. Some of these amateur astronomers specialize in capturing

what is seen through their telescopes in images and are astrophotographers.

What happens when the work of amateur astronomers and astrophotographers is combined with the data from some of the world’s

most sophisticated space telescopes? Collaborations between professional and amateur astronomers reveal the possibilities and

are intended to raise interest and awareness among the community of the wealth of data publicly available in NASA’s various

mission archives. This effort is particularly appropriate for this month because April marks Global Astronomy Month, the

world’s largest global celebration of astronomy.

The images in this quartet of galaxies represent a sample of composites created with X-ray data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray

Observatory, infrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope, and optical data collected by an amateur astronomer. In these

images, the X-rays from Chandra are shown in pink, infrared emission from Spitzer is red, and the optical data are in red,

green, and blue. The two astrophotographers who donated their images for these four images — Detlef Hartmann and Rolf Olsen

— used their personal telescopes of 17.5 inches and 10 inches in diameter respectively. More details on how these images

were made can be found in this blog post.

Starting in the upper left and moving clockwise, the galaxies are M101 (the "Pinwheel Galaxy"), M81, Centaurus A, and M51

(the "Whirlpool Galaxy"). M101 is a spiral galaxy like our Milky Way, but about 70% bigger. It is located about 21 million

light years from Earth. M81 is a spiral galaxy about 12 million light years away that is both relatively large in the sky and

bright, making it a frequent target for both amateur and professional astronomers. Centaurus A is the fifth brightest galaxy

in the sky — making it an ideal target for amateur astronomers — and is famous for the dust lane across its middle and a

giant jet blasting away from the supermassive black hole at its center. Finally, M51 is another spiral galaxy, about 30

million light years away, that is in the process of merging with a smaller galaxy seen to its upper left.

For many amateur astronomers and astrophotographers, a main goal of their efforts is to observe and share the wonders of the

Universe. However, the long exposures of these objects may help to reveal phenomena that may otherwise be missed in the

relatively short snapshots taken by major telescopes, which are tightly scheduled and often oversubscribed by professional

astronomers. Therefore, projects like this Astro Pro-Am collaboration might prove useful not only for producing spectacular

images, but also contributing to the knowledge of what is happening in each of these cosmic vistas.

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., manages the Chandra program for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate

in Washington. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Mass., controls Chandra’s science and flight

operations.

Original caption/more images: www.nasa.gov/chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2014/proam/

Image credit: Image credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO; Optical: Detlef Hartmann; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Read more about Chandra:
www.nasa.gov/chandra

p.s. You can see all of our Chandra photos in the Chandra Group in Flickr at: www.flickr.com/groups/chandranasa/ We’d love to have you as a member!

_____________________________________________
These official NASA photographs are being made available for publication by news organizations and/or for personal use

printing by the subject(s) of the photographs. The photographs may not be used in materials, advertisements, products, or

promotions that in any way suggest approval or endorsement by NASA. All Images used must be credited. For information on

usage rights please visit: www.nasa.gov/audience/formedia/features/MP_Photo_Guidelin…

Horseshoe Mesa from Grandview Trail – Grand Canyon – South Rim
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Image by Al_HikesAZ
We went down Grandview Trail to Horseshoe Mesa. Then we traversed the Tonto Trail to South Kaibab Trail and climbed out to Yaki Point. Great adventure with a great group. Here is my Triplog hikearizona.com/x.php?I=4&ZTN=1449&UID=21152

www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/upload/Grandview_Trail.pdf
Impressions of the dazzling topography of Grand Canyon have changed and shifted since that day in the summer of 1540 when Garcia Lopez de Cardenas gazed out from the South Rim. The conquistador saw a worthless desert wasteland, nothing more than a barrier to political expansion. At the opposite extreme, the modern view tends toward the romantic, reveling in what we today perceive as the remarkable spirituality of the gorge. Products of the age in which they lived, American pioneers arriving in the 1890s were more practical and utilitarian: they assumed with so much exposed bedrock inevitably there had to be mineral riches waiting to be claimed by those willing to go below and look. Would-be miners fanned out across the inner canyon, probing everywhere, and at a place called Horseshoe Mesa found what they sought. Rich copper deposits initially averaging 30% pure promised wealth, but only if transported from the depths. Optimism reigned supreme, a route was scratched out, and in February 1893 an endless succession of mule trains began moving raw ore to the rim along a rough canyon track originally known as the Berry Trail, more recently as the Grandview Trail. More than any other canyon trail, the Grandview is steeped in the legacy of the mining days at Grand Canyon. Numerous small artifacts associated with these halcyon days are scattered across the top of Horseshoe Mesa, providing a link across the years. Hikers can inspect the physical remains of this bygone era while enjoying canyon scenery at its finest.

Trail Description
The original Grandview Trail was created to connect the rim with the copper mines on Horseshoe Mesa. The well built trail eventually provided access to more tourists than miners, as the Grandview trail provided one of the best access routes into the canyon for its time. The undamaged segments of the pioneer trail in the upper half of the canyon testify to the engineering prowess of the builders as they devised solution after creative solution to the problems posed by the landscape.Start off the rim from the established Grandview Point overlook. The Kaibab/Toroweap section traverses steep ground and the old trail is eroded so attention to the problems at hand is essential. Vertical steps were surmounted by construction of log "cribs" that were chained or pinned to the cliff face to provide a foundation for the trail where nature provided none. The exposure here impresses some hikers as hazardous. Unfortunately, several of the historic cribs were swept away by landslides during the winter of 2005. Trail crews restored the trail, but not the historical context of the old logs. A series of sloping ledges at the top of the Coconino cliff demands caution especially when icy or wet. Be careful throughout the Kaibab and Toroweap – a fall here could have catastrophic consequences.
Original "cobblestone riprap" trail construction shows throughout most of tthe Coconino. Large slabs of sandstone placed edgewise provided a durable (albeit labor intensive) walking surface. The trail comes to the top of a dramatic east-facing gully at Coconino/Hermit contact (known locally as Coconino Saddle) that offers tantalizing views into the upper valley of Hance Creek. Steep cobblestone switchbacks below Coconino Saddle dispense with most of the Supai Formation before the walking moderates and the trail begins a gradually descending traverse across the slope to Horseshoe Mesa. Horseshoe Mesa offers a myriad of attractions. The campsites are located east of the historic masonry structure. Remnants of mining operations, including rusty cans, nails, tools and structures are protected as archeological resources. Please leave these objects as you found them, where you found them. Backpackers headed deeper into the canyon can choose between three trails that link the rim of Horseshoe Mesa and the Tonto Trail. The northernmost trail that descends the east side of the western arm of the "horseshoe" is the most civilized of these options. Most of the original switchbacks have survived so this route is relatively straightforward, intersecting the Tonto Trail north of Horseshoe Mesa. Hikers can continue along the Tonto about 1.5 miles west to Cottonwood Creek or about 2.2 miles east to Hance Creek. The trail down the west side of the mesa is more demanding, severely washed out in the Tonto Group above the bed of Cottonwood Creek. The path off the east side to Page Spring and Hance Creek is probably the most difficult and exposed. Recent trail work has rendered the hardest place a bit easier, but the potential for a nasty fall exists throughout the Redwall descent. Watch for the spur trail to Page (aka Miners) Spring near the bottom of the Redwall. Modern backpackers use the Tonto Trail to connect the Grandview Trail with points beyond. An established trail follows the bed of Cottonwood Creek to the top of the Tapeats Formation where the Tonto heads west toward the South Kaibab Trail. Hikers walking east from Hance Creek can follow the Tonto Trail toward Mineral Canyon. The Tonto Platform starts breaking down near the west rim of Mineral Canyon causing the trail to drop below the Tapeats Sandstone to descend Supergroup slopes to the bed of Mineral Canyon. Exiting at the mouth of Mineral Canyon on the east side is a bit tricky. The trail splits as it rounds the point before starting down the slope to Hance Rapids. The upper trail is straightforward, but the lower option requires walkers to bend low and traverse a narrow and exposed ledge. There are a couple of ways across the talus to the shoreline at Hance Rapids and the foot of the New Hance Trail.

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